Fellowship: Virtuous Friendships
Use this article to understand and foster true Christian fellowship and virtuous friendships.
Fellowship: Virtuous Friendships
Optional Lectio Divina Prayer
- Read Sirach 6:5-17.
- Meditate on the words.
- Speak to Christ about this passage.
- Rest and listen in God’s presence.
- Discuss together.
On a cold night in the fourth century A.D., forty young Roman soldiers huddled together while immersed in a freezing lake.
The pagan emperor Licinius was persecuting them for their Christian faith. As a result, they now faced death and the biggest temptation of their lives: They could go free at any moment if they chose to worship the pagan gods. As an added enticement, the lake was directly across from the Roman baths. As the soldiers’ bodies shook and their teeth chattered, they could see the steam from the hot pools rising into the freezing air. In the midst of this torture, the soldiers had one unified prayer: “Lord, we are forty engaged in this contest. Grant that forty may receive crowns and that we may not fall short of that sacred number.”9
Throughout the night, this band of brothers was tempted to give in. Unable to resist any longer, one soldier headed for the baths only to die instantly upon arrival. One of the guards who was keeping watch was so moved by their witness that he removed his clothes and joined them in the icy lake. All forty of these remained faithful unto death, an answer to the men’s prayer.
The story of these soldiers served as an inspiration to the power
of Christian fellowship throughout the Roman Empire, and they
were immortalized by the Catholic Church as the Martyrs of San
A faithful friend is a sturdy shelter: he that has found one has found a treasure.
What stands out to you in this story? What do you think
allowed these men to remain faithful?
You most likely won’t find yourself in the same situation as these Roman soldiers. Still, you need Christian friendship just as much as they did. If you don’t have close friends who are Christians, there’s a good chance you won’t grow in your relationship with Christ.
Think about starting a charcoal fire: The best way to begin is to gather all of the coals and place them together in a pile. As the coals begin to burn, they feed off one another, and the ones that aren’t lit yet catch fire from the heat of the others. However, if a coal is separated from the pile, the reverse begins to happen: When these isolated coals begin to cool, they don’t have anything to help ignite them once again, and they eventually burn out.
The Martyrs of San Sebaste in that freezing lake were like a
group of hot coals. There had to be countless times when
the men wanted to go to shore, overwhelmed by the frigid
conditions. They surely thought of their families, their wives, and
their children. But because they were together, these men were
able to encourage and support one another. When they were
tempted to renounce Christ, someone was there to remind them
of the heavenly crown that awaited them. As a group, these men
were able to remain faithful, something that might have been
impossible if they didn’t have support from one another.
Do you have “hot coals” in your life? Who are the people in
your life that call you to greater holiness? Are you a “hot coal”
Three Kinds of Friendship
Since the very beginning of the Church, the early Christians considered fellowship to be one of four foundational habits of the Christian life (Acts 2:42). We need this same habit in our own lives. But how do we experience this kind of friendship? The first step is to know what kind of friends we are looking for and what kind of friends we need to be.
Many people in our lives claim to have some type of friendship with us, but do we have friends who are committed to us and to what’s truly best for us? Do we have friends who will push us in the right direction?
The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle taught that there are three kinds of friendships.
Friendship of Utility
The first type is a friendship of utility, one based on some benefit or advantage found in the relationship. Business relationships, group projects in class, and other transactional exchanges often fall under this category. Think about your favorite coffee shop: You go there because you enjoy the coffee, and the coffee shop serves you because they make money. You might get to know the people working there. They might sincerely take an interest in your life and engage in friendly conversation with you. These basic levels of friendship are common in life. But the relationship is primarily built on the benefit the coffee shop receives from you (business) and the benefit you receive from the coffee shop (good coffee).
Friendship of Pleasure
The second type of friendship is friendship of pleasure, one based primarily on the fun times two people share together. For example, two people might happen to live near each other, play on the same team, play the same video game or be in the same club. They might like the same music, the same sports team, the same television show or hanging out at the same parties. These kinds of friendships are based primarily on the fun they have spending time with each other.
While these first two types of friendship are not bad in themselves, Aristotle notes how they are the most fragile and least likely to last the test of time, because these friends are not committed to you as a person, seeking what’s best for you. These friends are more committed the benefit, pleasure or fun time they get from you. Once your classes change, your interests change, your job changes or you move locations or you no longer are involved in the same activities or frequenting that particular coffee shop, the friendship is not likely to continue. The benefit or fun times are no longer there, so unless there’s something deeper uniting you, these people are unlikely to share a deep committed friendship with you.
While these basic forms of friendships are common in
life, especially when we are young, it’s important to know
that they often dissolve when life grows difficult and the
friendship no longer brings the enjoyment, fun times,
benefit or convenience that the other person is looking
for. You can probably think of examples of these kinds of
friendship in your own life and how quickly some of them
have come and gone.
According to Aristotle, the third kind of friendship is friendship in the fullest sense. He calls it the virtuous friendship. This is based on something much deeper: The friend is committed to you and your good, not just to some benefit or enjoyment that they receive from being with you. The virtuous friend loves you in the true sense of the word: He or she seeks what is best for you, which is to live a virtuous life in imitation of Christ. As Christians, this is the highest form of fellowship and should be our aim in our own friendships.
For a virtuous friendship to develop, both people must be
striving for virtue. They don’t need to be perfect, but they do
need to be pursuing the virtuous life together. In Christian
friendships, when both people are striving to deepen their
relationship with God and living like Christ, they help each
other in what matters most in life. A true friend wants you
to live out your faith to the fullest. Because of this, it is
essential for you to find brothers and sisters in Christ who
can help ensure that your faith not only survives but thrives.
Are your friendships virtuous? How is God asking you to grow
‘As Iron Sharpens Iron’
We can, of course, have levels of friendship with people of different backgrounds, regardless of whether they are Christian. But we want to make sure we have close Christian friends who are running after the same goals, friends who can help strengthen us in our faith. After all, we become like the people we associate with most. And that challenges us to ask an important question: Are our closest friends going to help us become the kind of people we want to become?
Proverbs 27:17 says, “Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens another.” When two swords come together, they don’t get weaker; instead, the metal from each makes them sharper. And a sword is a perfect analogy for the battle each one of us must face in keeping the Faith: If we allow our faith to grow dull and weak, we are going to snap under the pressure of this world. However, if we have fellowship, we will be sharp enough not only to resist temptation but to grow even stronger.
Over and over, we see this dynamic played out in the lives of
the saints. It’s been said that saints come in clusters: Whenever
you read about a saint, you discover that they rarely became
a saint on their own. Usually, other saints were right by their
side, sharpening them in the process. Their intense fellowship
spurred them to pursue a deeper holiness and increased their
desire to share Jesus with others, even in difficult circumstances.
St. Francis Xavier had St. Ignatius of Loyola; St. Teresa of Avila
had St. John of the Cross; St. Felicity had St. Perpetua. Who do
you have? Find virtuous friends who can help you get to heaven
and make a deeper impact for Christ here on earth.
Do not be deceived: Bad company ruins good morals.
Are you and your friends helping each other become saints?
What are some ways to increase fellowship in your life? How
can you create more opportunities for fellowship?
Make a plan for better fellowship. Which relationships need to
grow? Which relationships might need to change?
Aristotle’s Three Kinds of Friendship:
• Friendship of Utility: friendship based on some benefit the person gets from you
• Friendship of Pleasure: friendship based on enjoyment or “fun times” someone shares with you
• Virtuous Friendship: friendship based not on what someone gets from you, but on a commitment to you as a person and seeking what is best for you, which is the virtuous life
Iron Sharpens Iron: “Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens
another” (Prv 27:17).
Coals Analogy: Like hot coals, we need other Christians to
remain “on fire” for Christ.
True Friendship by John Cuddeback
9 Ghezzi, Bert. (2009). Voices of the Saints. Chicago, IL: Loyola Press, 225.